United States Non-Cooperation And The Paris Agreement

Formally a technical meeting to finalize the 2015 Paris Agreement on climate change, the summit was the first after President Trump announced in June 2017 that he would withdraw from the agreement. Kyoto Protocol adopted. This is the world`s first agreement on reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which will come into force in 2005. The last time there was a major climate treaty, the United States was left out. Although Vice President Gore signed the Kyoto Protocol on behalf of the United States, the next administration of President George W. Bush withdrew his signature and refused to send it to Congress to consider ratification. Instead, Congress passed the byrd hail amendment, which provides that any future American participation in climate change agreements is accompanied by equivalent commitments from developing countries. The United States played an important role in the design and negotiation of the Paris Agreement and signed it in 2015. As one of its signatories, the United States has committed to reducing emissions by 26-28% by 2025 from 1990 levels. However, in 2017, the federal government announced its intention to withdraw from the agreement after a new government took office, and on November 4, 2020, the United States became the only nation to withdraw. Trump`s decision leaves the United States alone outside the Paris agreement. While U.S.

non-cooperation should not prevent other countries from promising climate protection, my recent research on Thijs Van de Graaf shows that it threatens the promises of developed countries to improve climate finance in the poorest countries. The Global Climate Action Summit takes place. Leaders of states and regions, cities, businesses, investors and civil society are calling on national governments to join forces to strengthen the fight against climate change by 2020, when global greenhouse gases will have to fall sharply to avoid the worst consequences of climate change. But without the United States, the balance between the parties that signed the Paris agreement shifts in China`s favor on key issues that have not yet been resolved. According to Michael Oppenheimer, a climatologist at Princeton University in New Jersey, China could resist demands for follow-up and detailed reports on how countries implement their policies and achieve their goals. “It doesn`t bode well for the effectiveness of the Paris agreement,” he says. All remaining parties to the agreement must present their new 2030 targets before the next major UN climate meeting, to be held in Glasgow, UK, in November 2021 (this year`s climate summit has been postponed due to the pandemic). To date, only 14 revised objectives have been proposed or presented.

The content of this blog post was originally disseminated via the ENB Linkages Update-Mail, our regular analysis of trends and events in multilateral environmental agreements. To make sure you don`t miss our team`s previews, subscribe to the Linkages update in your inbox.